Why Press Bibliographies?

When I was first getting interested in “fine printing,” press bibliographies became a particular interest because each one offered a variety of specimens from which I could learn about typography, printing and paper. I used to say that I started HM so that one day I could print my own bibliography. Unfortunately, now that the time has come, my interest in press bibliographies has waned somewhat. Apparently I’m not alone: last year a bookseller who knows whats what told me press bibliographies are not in high demand, no matter how beautifully printed. Once again, my timing is perfect. Nonetheless, for several reasons, Im pushing ahead with a bibliography of the five dozen books HM issued from 2000 to 2020, and it will come out next year. In hopes of reigniting my interest in the form, I took a tour of some of the press bibliographies on my shelves.... 

While not the first (private) press bibliography, the one against which all others are measured (& which most model themselves on, at least to some degree) is the Ashendene Presss. It combined all the elements that made its books so highly regarded from the start, plus facsimile pages from various projects. (Its important to note that these were resettings, not unused sheets from the actual edition.) In a sense, this combination of Ashendene types, printing, paper and binding, was a stand-in for an actual collection of the books it described. It also includes a selection of engravings and cuts from projects, and has a section on Graily Hewitts calligraphic contributions. 

My one complaint would be that the facsimile leaves from the larger books are folded and sideways, so the book (or your head) has to turn 90 degrees to look at them. I never like that in a book. But the only alternative would have been to make the bibliography larger, which would have posed other hassles.

Kelmscott issued a checklist, and Doves issued a (final) catalogue raisonné, both of which precede the Ashendene bibliography, but neither is as elaborate. I had a copy of the Kelmscott bibliography once, but it had been rebound, and done so badly I could not keep it. Imagine that Spanish fresco of Jesus that was “restored” a few years ago, and you
ll have an idea... The book itself is what the title claims, and an example of Kelmscott printing, but if you just need a reference, one of the facsimile editions will do fine. In some ways it might be the most modest Kelmscott book, perhaps appropriately so as the last. 

The Doves catalogue is more visually interesting, and more than just a description of the books published: it includes a brief farewell from C-S (Salve Aeternum), all of the 11 ephemeral parerga items (“a piece of work that is supplementary to or a byproduct of a larger work”
) C-S published during the life of the press, and some of the publication announcements. 

My copy even came in a signed Doves binding (with terrifically acidic turn-ins). But if you really need a Doves bibliography to rely on, you need Tidcombe
s The Doves Press (2002). 
Whether Ashendene spurred an interest in more elaborate bibliographies I cannot say, but the next few decades saw most active private presses issue some kind of listing of their publications. The Grabhorn brothers arguably outdid Ashendene, with their three volumes (1940, 1956 and 1966), all large folios, all stuffed with sample leaves (not facsimiles). The recto in the opening below shows a leaf from Leaves of Grass in volume I. They also added incidental comments about projects, giving some insight to the design and printing processes. The only problem is you cant have just one of the volumes, you need the set. Henry Morris also issued a series of bibliographies for his Bird & Bull Press. Im not interested in serial publications, so I dont have any of those. 

The next major press bibliography on my shelves is from the Allen Press (1981), which displays the various types used in its publications, comments from the printers, and sample leaves throughout. Like the Ashendene, as a representation of the press
s work, it was almost as good as having a collection on the shelf. 

The book was so engaging that in 1985 the Book Club of California published an almost exact facsimile (but updated with new publications), right down to the inserted sample leaves. It
s one of the BCCs high points. Unfortunately, they were so enthusiastic that they printed 750 copies, which was far too many. Copies of the facsimile can be found at criminally low prices. Anyone with any interest in fine printing should get a copy. 
I once bought a copy in sheets, and spent a few years gathering additional original leaves, and then had it all bound up by Hélène Francoeur. It was monumental. I sold it to buy something else, probably one of Dard Hunters books.

After Ward Ritchie retired from commercial printing, he got a handpress and set up a private press, Laguna Verde Imprenta. In 1988 he published a catalogue of the 26 items hed printed since 1975. The projects he chose to publish werent particularly interesting to me, but hes an important person in 20th century American printing, and I like having the bibliography. Thats another advantage they offer: a press’s publishing may not be to your taste, but you can still admire the talent and skill in the productions, and enjoy having a sample on your shelf. 
Much of the appeal of Ritchies book for me is it having been printed (by him) on a handpress; his inking was a bit shaky, but he was clearly enjoying the opportunities to play that the press offers. 

Thomas Taylor issued (1993) an elegant bibliography of Gabriel Rummondss work at Plain Wrapper Press and Ex Ophidia, 300 copies printed on Superfine & issued in wraps, and 40 printed on Magnani and issued in a quarter vellum binding. The paper, typography, color, printing and binding of the special copies combine to achieve a result I envy. The color plates are beautiful, but Id still have liked to have some original leaves. Gabriel himself issued sets of sheets; this may have been in conjunction with the Taylor bibliography, I dont know, Ive never seen a set or even a listing for one. I believe there were 40 sets issued, at a price of around $4,000.  

One press bibliography I do not have, and will not, is Yellow Barn
s. Im sorry thats the case because I admire Neil Shavers work, but the bibliography includes no sample leaves, and just doesnt seem on par with his other publications. 

I have a copy of the Alembic Press
s bibliography (1989, above), which I guess I got cheap when I was buying any press bibliography I found. For all their interest in type and book history, Alembics printing really was atrocious, as the samples and original content in the book show. It also is an example of how sample leaves (or folios) should not be handled: the easiest way to stick a leaf into a book is to run a line of adhesive along the gutter edge and stick it on the page. This is defendable if there is nothing printed on the verso, but most leaves do have something on the verso, so you have to a force a fold into the leaf to see it! The appropriate technique is to hinge the leaf in. If it is close to the size of the book, the hinge can be incorporated to the sewing. If its notably smaller, the hinge can be used to mount the leaf on the page (see the two photos just below, from Officina Bodoni). Be alert for lazy leaves. 

Geoffrey Wakeman
s Plough Press issued a bibliography in 1982. My copy is the only one Ive encountered, but there are another 119 out there. Wakeman wasnt the greatest printer, but where technical deficiencies overshadow the Alembic effort, Wakemans exuberance, and the trove of samples folded & otherwise jammed in, make this an entertaining book. 

I could dispute my own lead to this post by pointing out that the Officina Bodoni
s The Operation of a Hand-Press During the First Six Years of its Work (1929) predates the Ashendene bibliography. You might consider a book chronicling the output of a press that was just six years old at the time audacious, but when you look at the quantity and quality of what was produced, you would shut up. 

My favorite part of the book is the sequence of woodcuts by Frans Masereel illustrating the printing of a book at the shop. The book was issued in English, German and Italian versions, all containing various samples (on sewn or mounted hinges). But where most press bibliographies are by definition backward looking, the OB book seems more like a statement of intent, so maybe my lead can stand. I found a copy in a beat-up case years ago, and somehow talked Claudia Cohen into rebinding it for me. A lovely job, no surprise. 

After Mardersteig
s death a comprehensive bibliography of the Officina Bodoni was issued, and copies can still be found very reasonably priced. One hundred copies were issued with a companion volume containing a selection of leaves, and thats the one you want, especially if youre a handpress fan. 

In conjunction with a series of exhibitions in 1992, the Bridwell Library issued a catalogue of Leonard Baskin
s Gehenna Press. It was conceived as a trade publication (2,000 copies), well designed by LBs son Hosea, and printed offset at Oxbow Press. (They printed Baskins Hermaika, Gehennas only offset limited edition, and not a great success, a result of collectors bias against offset, even though it was the best medium to produce that particular book, just as it was the best choice for this one: it is full of color reproductions of pages and prints.) Again, no sample pages, but that can be fixed by finding your own to salt in. 

Fifty copies were specially bound at David Bourbeau
s Thistle Bindery, printed on a lovely Magnani sheet, with an extra section of Gehenna press marks printed by Art Larson added. These copies come close to the feel of a Gehenna publication. Where Gehenna bindings favored leather and paste papers, Bourbeau uses a simple heavy handmade paper over boards with some gilt tooling to achieve an elegant harmony with Gehenna publications. Some kind of supplement needs to be published, covering the years between this catalogue and Baskins death in 2000. If the familys interested, please call!

It will be no surprise that the HM handpress library includes a copy of Printing & the Mind of Merker, covering Kim Merkers career with a handpress. Most of his publications are exactly the kinds of things Im not interested in, but I admire his work, so a bibliography is the perfect sample to have on my shelves. Unfortunately the book looks and feels like a commercial catalogue (it was part of an exhibition mounted by the Grolier Club, in 1997), printed offset on a very smooth paper. Unlike the Gehenna catalogue, it doesnt capture the spirit of Merkers (letterpress) books. But the production and edition size (500 copies) reflect the interest in his work, which can only be counted to his credit. (Fifty [not very] special copies were issued with sample leaves, and this is the state handpress fans would want, but it still looks and feels like an exhibition catalogue.) 

The particular joy of this book is the comments about each project that compiler Sidney Berger wrangled from Merker: it
s these kinds of inside-baseball details about design decisions and technical issues that will appeal to students of the book arts. Most bibliographies include these kinds of appended comments, some more than others, and they are what raise a simple list of books published, to a rich history of a presss work. Word of advice to printers thinking of maybe one day issuing a bibliography: make these insightful, rueful and/or confessional notes when the project is just wrapping up: dont count on remembering any of it when the time comes to compile everything. Do as I say, not as I didnt do...
An omission from last months post about printing on vellum: I was certain I had a pamphlet on the subject from Paul Nashs Strawberry Press, but find it I could not, and I even started thinking Id imagined it. Then it popped out with Making a Book at the Officina Bodoni. Good luck tracking a copy down, and dont dither if you see a one. 


Gimme a minute...

I know it’s the first but the post isn’t ready yet. The Devil’s heat dome set the province on fire this week so all activities beyond staying alive are on hold. It takes a lot to leave a cat looking undignified, but there it was. The post will be up in a day or two.; this month’s topic is press bibliographies. Try to stay cool.